Most of the western and Ukrainian politicians believe that China is a close ally of Russia, but this is not quite the case. It is necessary to understand clearly that China has its strategic interests in foreign relations and cooperates with various countries, if it is useful for China. Today's Russia-China relations include, first of all, cooperation in the production of weapons, raw materials, in international politics and even in the development of hybrid strategies against the military superiority of the West, joint military exercises (even in waters not far from NATO countries).
Foreign policy doctrine and foreign economic efforts are based on ideological principles. At the moment, it makes no sense to consider in detail the ideology of Russia's foreign policy, since its aggressive imperial nature is already understood by the international community due to actions of the Russian Federation against Ukraine, first of all, the annexation of the Ukrainian Crimea. Moreover, the words of the leadership of Russia and their actions not only diverge, but often contradict each other.
This brief statement will concentrate on a few key aspects of the China-Russia military relationship.
The present day trends of globalization and integration in the world economy are characterized by the formation of an innovative economy, the intensification of global competition at the world investment markets, science-intensive goods and services. The close interrelationship between science and technology policy, foreign, and trade and economic policies is highlighted to ensure economic growth and the increase of social standards of the people. Exit from the global economic crisis is associated with a wave of innovations that pave the way for the emergence of new technologies. Today's systemic crisis should end in a few years, with the capital, available at that time, flowing to new technological setup productions.
Dear colleagues. The main objective of our meeting is to consider Russia-China relations, as well as assess their impact on the situation in the world, including the context of global security. This issue is extremely important both in terms of a true understanding of the character of the key geopolitical processes of the global level and their significance for our nation under the conditions of continuing Russia's armed aggression against Ukraine.
Russia-China relations are important themselves, but they have not only a bilateral dimension. This is an important element of the future geopolitical landscape, which is already seen with objective inevitability.
While talking about the bilateral aspect of these relations, in my opinion, the thought of the famous Russian political scientist Stanislav Belkovsky is interesting:
"... China will definitely absorb Siberia and the Far East, but informally. There will be no annexation or occupation. Just at some point, a Russian man in the city of Khabarovsk would find out that seven Chinese fall on him alone. I think it will happen in 10-12 years. Today one and a half Chinese fall on one Russian … ".
While many, perhaps, would object to our title by saying that Russia’s interests in the region as well as its relations with a number of key regional actors, notably Syria, are in fact so long-standing that they even may be called ‘historic’, at no point since 1990s Russia had any semblance of the influence in the Middle Eastern affairs as it has suddenly acquired today. While for its archrival the United States the greater Middle East military campaigns of the last two decades appear to have brought more troubles than benefits, for Russia, so far, its contribution to the region’s most bloody current war have been a prudent political investment.
If Russia’s policy in Georgia in 2008 and in Ukraine, starting from 2014, had to show to the world that Russia is back, as a strong regional power in this part of Europe, so Russia’s actions in Syria was in some way a manifestation of claim that Russia is also the country with global foreign and security policy interests.
Everything started from Syria, because it was the only remaining place, where Russia had abroad, outside of CIS countries region, some military presence.
How to describe the current Russian Middle East policy? It’s common to hear, for example, that “Russia’s coming back to the Middle East as a Great Power” or “Russia has created a pole of attraction in the region, a new pole of strength”. The others say that “Russia has fallen in trap with its Middle East policy”. To be short it depends on the optic to perceive the ongoing in the region. In other words we have to do with duality in perceptions and the ensued analysis.
First of all, I would like to congratulate Ambassador S. Korsunsky, who was appointed to head the Diplomatic Academy several days ago, and wish him every success in reforming such an important institution in the system of the diplomatic service of Ukraine.
Today, we have decided to discuss the Middle East issues and analyze the role of Russia in creating problems in the region.